Welcome to the Hoffman Family Library APA Style Research Starter! Here you will find information on how to cite books, periodicals, and electronic resources for your reference page. This style is commonly used for citing references in student papers in the science and social science disciplines, such as Psychology, Nursing, and Social Work.
The seventh edition has been thoroughly revised and updated to reflect best practices in scholarly writing and publishing. Additions include resources for students on writing and formatting annotated bibliographies; guidelines on citing course materials; a chapter on bias-free language guidelines; and more.
This is a guide for citing resources using the American Psychological Association (APA) style of citation. APA is used to cite resources within the social sciences, education and business subjects.
Why Cite Resources ?
What is a citation?
A citation is a way you inform the readers that certain materials in your paper came from another source. It also gives your readers the information necessary to find the source. Your citation should include the following.
When do I need to cite?
You need to acknowledge whenever you borrow quotes or ideas. The following are when you need to cite:
In APA Style, you want to use the DOI whenever possible!
The DOI is a digital object identifier. It is a unique set of characters that ar attached to a digital object. The most common place they are found is on journal articles, but they can be attached to any digital object.
How do I find them?
For journal articles, go to the PDF version of the article and look in the top left corner of the first page of the article. If available, DOI's will also be in the database record for an article.
Can't find one, check CrossRef.org!