Conceptual models (sometimes referred to as conceptual frameworks or grand theories) are abstract representations of phenomena of interest to the discipline.
Specific theories can be derived from these conceptual models. The conceptual models themselves are not test-able, but the theories derived from the models may be tested.
These grand theories provide global perspectives of the discipline and offer ways of viewing nursing phenomena on the basis of these perspectives. Examples of conceptual models in nursing are those of Martha Rogers, Imogene King, Hildegarde Peplau, Jean Watson, and Florence nightingale.
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