Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

NUR 311: Nursing Research and Evidence-Based Practice

Course guide developed by your Librarian

Organizing & Citing

Citing the work that supports your research is both an ethical issue and a legal issue.

The ethics of citing is based on the scholarly tradition of giving credit for information and ideas that are not one's own. Science has a long tradition of acknowledging priority through citations. You have the ethical responsibility to cite all works that were used to support your research, to give credit to the earlier work and to provide a clear path for those who follow in your footsteps.

Citing in APA

See page 198-202 of the manual for more information.

Resource Reference
Journal article with DOI Format

Author’s Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Publication Year). Article title. Journal Title, volume number(issue number), page number. doi

Example

Cadigan, R. O., Stevenson, D. G., Caudry, D. J., & Grabowski, D. C. (2015). Private investment purchase and nursing home financial health. Health Services Research, 50(1), 180-196. doi:10.1111/1475-6773.12212

Journal article

without DOI

Format

Author’s Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Publication Year). Article title. Journal Title, volume number(issue number), page  number. Retrieved from URL

Example

Purnell, M., Walsh, S., & Milone, M. (2004). Oncology nursing education: Teaching  strategies that work. Nursing Education Perspectives, 25(6), 304-308. Retrieved from http://www.nlnjournal.org/

Journal article with more than seven authors

Format

List the first six authors' names, add an ellipsis, then list the last author's name. (Publication Year). Article title. Journal Title, volume number(issue number),  page  number. doi

Example

McDonald, A., Frazer, K., Duignan, C., Healy, M., Irving, A., Marteinsson, P., . . . McNicholas, E. (2015). Validating the ‘Intervention Wheel’ in the context of Irish public health nursing. British Journal of Community Nursing, 20(3), 140-145. http://dx.doi.org/10.12968/bjcn.2015.20.3.140

Advanced Online Publication
(or epub)

Format

Author’s Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Publication Year). Article title. Journal Title. Omit missing information and add Advance Online Publication before the DOI or URL.

Example

Hall, E., Lee, S. Y., Clark, P. C., & Perilla, J. (2014). Social ecology of adherence to hypertension treatment in Latino migrant and seasonal farmworkers. Journal of Transcultural Nursing. Advance online publication. doi:

Resource Reference

A print book with

one author

Format

Author's Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Publication Year). Title of book: Use capital letter for the first word for subtitle. Location: Publisher.

Example

Johnson, P. (2003). Art: A new history. New York, NY: HarperCollins.

A print book with

more than

one author

Format

Author's Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial., & Author's Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Publication Year). Title of book: Use capital letter for the first word for subtitle. Location: Publisher.

Example

Kamruzzaman, J., Begg, R., & Sarker, R. A. (2006). Artificial neural networks in finance and manufacturing. Hershey, PA: Idea Group Pub.

Electronic Book Format

Author's Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Publication Year). Title of book. Retrieved from URL 

Example

Lenarz, T., & Wriggers, P. (2014). Biomedical Technology. Retrieved from http://www.eblib.com

Volume book Format

Author's Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Publication Year). Title of book (Volume Number). Location: Publisher.

Example

De Certeau, M., Giard, L., Mayol, P., & Tomasik, T. J. (1998). The practice of everyday life: Living and cooking (Vol. 2). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Book chapter from an edited book Format

Author's Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Publication Year). Title of chapter. In Author's First Initial. Middle initial. Last Name (Eds.), Title of book (page number/s). Location: Publisher.

Example

Elkana, Y. (1975). The problem of knowledge. In Weiss, P. A. (Eds.), Knowledge in search of understanding: The Frensham papers (pp.91-104). NY: Futura Publishing Company, Inc..

Dictionary entry or encyclopedia article Format

Author's Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Publication Year). Title of entry. In Editor First Initial. Second Initial. Last Name (Ed.), Title of reference work (Vol. #, pp. #).Location: Publisher.

Example

Musket. (2003). In The new encyclopedia britannica (Vol. 8, pp. 449). Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc..

Entire edited book  Format

Editor's Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial (Ed.). (Publication Year). Title of book.Location: Publication.

Example

Oates, J. C. (Ed.). (1992). The Oxford book of American short stories. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Translated book Format

Author Last Name, First Initial. (Publication Year). Title of the book. (First Initial, Last name of the translator, Trans.). Location: Publisher. (Provide original work published year if it is available in the parentheses)

Example

Zarraluki, P. (2014). The history of silence. (N. Caistor & L.García, Trans.). Madrid, Spain: Hispabooks.

See page 202-205 of the manual for more information.

General Format

Author's Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Publication Year). Title of book: Use capital letter for the first word for subtitle. Location: Publisher.‚Äč

Resource Reference

Webpage*

 

Format

Author's Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial., & Author's Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Publication Year, Month and Day). Title of document. Retrieved from URL

Example

Monteverde, M. (2011, October). Budgeting and money management. Retrieved from http://rosenpub.net/articles/budgeting.html

Blog Format

Author's Last Name, First Initial. (Publication Year, Month and Day). Title [Format]. Retrieved from URL

Example

Aguilar, E. (2015, May 17). Inside the mind of this coach: What was I thinking?! [Blog Post]. Retrieved from http://blogs.edweek.org/teachers/coaching_teachers/2015/05/inside_the_mind_of_this_coach_.htm

 

MORE ON AUTHOR: The author may be an institutional author; this is very common for webpages. In the case of an institutional author, cite the full institutional name in the author name place (examples below).

EXAMPLES:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012). Adolescent health.Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/adolescenthealth/index.htm

World Health Organization. (2015). Physical activity. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs385/en/