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APA for Nursing

APA Citation Style

Below are some sample citations to help you get started.  If your citation wraps to a second or third line, indent these lines by one-half inch from the left margin. This is called hanging indentation.

BOOK WITH ONE AUTHOR
Dudek, S. G. (2018). Nutrition essentials for nursing practice (8th ed.). Wolters Kluwer.

BOOK WITH TWO OR MORE AUTHORS
Malarkey, L. M., & McMorrow, M. E. (2005). Saunders nursing guide to laboratory and diagnostic tests. Elsevier Saunders.


EDITED BOOK, NO UNIQUE AUTHORS
Brunton, L. B., Hilal-Dandan, R. & Knowlmann, B. C. (Eds.). (2018) Goodman & Gilman's the pharmacological basis of therapeutics. (13th ed.).  McGraw-Hill.


CHAPTER IN AN EDITED BOOK
Cronin, S. N. & Miracle, K. (2005). Management of clients with lower airway and pulmonary vessel disorders. In J.M. Black & J.H. Hawks (Eds.), Medical-surgical nursing: Clinical management for positive outcomes (7th ed., pp. 1807-1836). Elsevier Saunders.


ENTRY IN ENCYCLOPEDIA
Atkins, W. A. (2018). Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. In J.L. Longe, (Ed.), The Gale encyclopedia of nursing & allied health (4th ed., Vol. 2., pp. 54-56). Gale.

JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rios, J., & Passe, M. (2004). Evidence-based use of botanicals, minerals, and vitamins in the prophylactic treatment of migraines. Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners16(6), 251-256.


JOURNAL ARTICLE WITH DIGITAL OBJECT IDENTIFIER (DOI)
Belavic, J. (2011).  Migraine prophylactics. Nursing41(5), 67-68. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.NURSE.0000396444.97122.ac


WEBPAGE (BASIC FORMAT)

Author, Institution, or Organization Responsible for the Website (if available).  (Year, Month Day

               website was last updated). Title or description of page. Title of website [if different from page title or organization author]. URL 

NOTE: If there isn't a date available for the webpage, use (n.d.) for no date.  Retrieval Date:  Use only for a webpage whose contents are likely to change over time. 


EXAMPLE FROM AHRQ (EVIDENCE REPORTS)

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. (2008, April). Diabetes education for children, structured abstract.  http://www.ahrq.gov/clinic/tp/diabedtp.htm

When there is no author for a webpage, the title moves to the first position in the reference entry.  For example:

New child vaccine gets funding boost. (2001). Microsoft News. http://news.ninemsn.com.au/health/story_13178.asp


FILM OR VIDEO RERCORDING (Schofield, 2001)

Schofield, J. D. (Producer), & Annuad, J. J. (Director). (2001). Enemy at the Gates

         [Motion picture]. United States: Paramount Pictures.