Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

APA Citation Basics

Building blocks of a citation

Red = Author/editor/organization. Who wrote/created it?

Green = Date. When did they write/create it?

Purple = Title. What’s it called?

Orange = Journal/magazine/newspaper/publisher. Who published it? Which issue/pages (if needed)?

Blue = Location. Where is it?

Reference Page Citations

Website with an author

Author, T. (2018). Title of the web page. Retrieved from http://www.TheWebsite.com/page.html

 

Website with no author

Title of the web page. (2018). Retrieved from http://www.TheWebsite.com/page.html

 

Website with no date

Author, T. (n.d.). Title of the web page. Retrieved from http://www.TheWebsite.com/page.html

 

Website with group or organization as author

Name of organization. (2018). Title of the web page. Retrieved from http://www.TheWebsite.com/page.html

 

YouTube video (or other streaming video)

Author, T [YouTube_Username]. (2018, January 1). Title of the video [video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/etcetcetc

Journal article

Author1, T., & Author2, T. (2018). Title of the article. Title of the Journal, VolumeNumber(issuenumber), pages. DOI

 

Journal article, no DOI

Author1, T., & Author2, T. (2018). Title of the article. Title of the Journal, VolumeNumber(issuenumber), pages. Retrieved from http://JournalHomepage.com

 

Journal article, eight or more authors

Author1, T., Author2, T., Author3, T., Author4, T. Author5, T., Author6., … Author8, T. (2018). Title of the article. Title of the Journal, VolumeNumber(issuenumber), pages. DOI

Magazine article

Author, T. (2018, January 1). Title of the article. Title of the magazine, volume number. Retrieved from http://www.themagazine.com/article.htm

 

Newspaper article

Author, T. (2018, January 1). Title of the article. Title of Newspaper. Retrieved from http://www.thenewspaper.com/article.htm

Book, authored

Author, T. (2018). Title of book. City of Publication: Publisher.

 

Book, edited

Editor, T (ed.). (2018). Title of book. City of Publication: Publisher.

Government report

Agency Name. (2018). Name of report (publication number if applicable). Retrieved from http://agency.gov/report.html

 

Non-government report

Organization Name. (2018). Name of report. Retrieved from http://organization.org/report.html