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Child Studies/Early Childhood Education

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Types of Periodicals

Types of Periodicals

Periodicals, journals, magazines fall into 'categories' determined by their overall purpose.


Popular: Written for general public; authors and editors usually not experts in subject field; purpose is to provide current, societal/cultural news and discussion.


Trade: Written for individuals in a specific career/job or with a specific interest/hobby.  Authors are generally persons working in the field/hobby or journalists with specialized knowledge.  Articles discuss current issues but are not reports of research.


Scholarly: Written for, and authored by, researchers, educators, students.  Articles are reports of original research or other scholarly discussions.

Popular vs. Scholarly Journals and Websites - A Comparison

Popular vs. Scholarly Journals and Websites

 

Popular

Scholarly

AUDIENCE

General readers.

Professors, researchers, scholars, students.

APPEARANCE

Colorful, eye-catching, lively, slick.

Attractive, but also serious.

ADVERTISEMENTS

Many; banner ads that change on a regular basis.

Few, if any.

PRODUCER

Commercial and non-profit organizations; personal home pages.

Educational institutions, faculty pages, professional associations, some commercial and non-profit organizations.

AUTHOR

Staff writers, journalists, usually not experts in the field.

Experts in the field, professionals, credentials provided.

CONTENT & FOCUS

News oriented, entertaining,non-technical, opinions.

Original research, subject specific.

LANGUAGE, STYLE

Easy to read, engaging.

Formal language, prior knowledge of subject matter required.

LENGTH

Usually short to medium in length, providing broad overview.

Usually quite lengthy in order to provide in-depth analysis on topic. 

ILLUSTRATIONS

Heavily illustrated, eye-catching.

Few illustrations. Include appropriate research-oriented tables, charts, and graphs.

DOCUMENTATION

Very few, if any

Bibliographies, footnotes

TIMELINESS

Up-to-date

Timeliness is not as important

WORDS IN TITLE

No specific words included or excluded, may be cutesy or contain slang

Language of the discipline is usually used; “study” or “research” will often be included in the title.